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Corky Bell's Book

A few people wanted to know about the book.  Here's the info,
originally from the RX7 list, via the DSM (Talon/Eclipse) list.
A 1-800 number and an email address are listed at the end if
you feel the need to order it for yourself...

> From: "David Lane" <dlane@peabody.jhu.edu>
> Date: Tue, 19 Aug 1997 15:46:16 +0000
> Subject: (rx7) (gen) Book Review: Maximum Boost
> As promised, here is a review of Corky Bell's new book: "Maximum
> Boost."  It is a little lengthy, so save it for later.  Or, if you
> are not particularly interested in turbocharging, hit delete and get
> on with your day.
> Best wishes,
> David Lane
> --------------------------------------------------------
> Corky Bell has been in the aftermarket turbo business since 1977 when
> he opened CarTech in Dallas Texas (currently in San Antonio).  Ten
> years later, a 42 year-old guy with a newish '85 GSL-SE and a bad case
> of mid-life crisis (yours truly) gave him a call inquiring about a
> turbo kit for the car.  He sent me a set of instructions so I could
> get a feel for the difficulty of the job.  After looking them over, I
> called back and said that the instructions seemed straight-forward and
> complete.  Corky replied that I probably wouldn't feel that way once I
> got into the project.  He was right.  The instructions were written
> for people with a little more mechanical experience than I possessed
> at the time, and I needed help with some basic concepts like how to
> reference left and right, and how to identify NPT fittings.  By the
> time it was over, and I had generated $100.00 in phone bills to Texas,
> I learned that Corky and his associates were people of near-infinite
> patience.  In fact, the interactions with Corky were one of the high
> points of the project.
> Corky is like that.  He is a hero of mine.  But unlike other heroes
> like Pamela Anderson and Johnny Carson (people whose outstanding
> attributes are out of reach), Corky is accessible when I am trying to
> trouble-shoot a problem, or simply want to know what is hot in the
> aftermarket turbo business. 
> The instructions for the kit came with a document called "The Same Old
> 20 Questions" in which Corky gave straight forward answers to the
> things he was asked most.  It may be a sign of the times, but the more
> recent versions of that document contain well over seventy questions
> and answers.  "Maximum Boost" is a logical expansion of the same
> approach.  The subtitle is "Designing, Testing and Installing
> Turbocharger Systems."
> I first heard that Corky was working on a book several years ago, and
> knowing Corky's technical background--Bachelors degree in Mechanical
> Engineering, and 12 years with Bell Helicopter (no relation)--I
> wondered if the book would be of any value to someone like me who went
> to a music conservatory and worked for 12 years as a high school band
> director.  I sure didn't want to wade through a thermodynamics text,
> and any math beyond the most basic algebra makes me twitch.  It is a
> dilemma for any writer.  The question is: Who is your target audience?
> Is it the person looking to upgrade a stock turbo system? Is it the
> guy who wants to create a VW dragster from scratch?  Maybe it's the
> lady who is confused by a bunch of conflicting claims for turbo and
> supercharger Miata kits? 
> Fortunately, Corky takes a multi-level approach to almost every
> subject.  Going through the book, you will find general, plain English
> discussions.  Just about the time you wonder if you really understand,
> a drawing or illustration clarifies what he is trying to say.  He does
> not shy away from math, but it is not hard to follow the formulas.
> Besides, if you start to twitch, you are usually near a chart which
> will get you in the ball park for the answer.  So, for instance, if
> you want to calculate the airflow rate of an engine (something you
> need to do to determine the size of the compressor) Corky takes you
> through the formula: Airflow Rate equals (cubic inch displacement,
> times revolutions per minute, times .5, times volumetric efficiency)
> divided by 1728.  Too complex?  Okay, that means that a 302 Ford V-8
> at 5500 rpm flows 408 cubic feet of air per minute.  Hmm.  So, what
> does that do for me if I have a Honda?  Well, there is a graph from
> which I can pick my displacement and rpm, and get close to the flow
> rate for any four stroke engine.
> The bad news for us rotary types is that there is hardly anything in
> the book specifically aimed at rotaries.  However, all the principles
> are the same, and while the discussions are aimed at the piston crowd,
> the tips and suggestions are general in nature and thus valid for any
> engine.  Another slight mis-match is that Corky does not emphasize
> twin turbo systems in the book.  This makes sense because of the
> complexity of such installations, combined with the very small group
> of people who would actually try to fabricate such a system. 
> The multi-level approach extends  to all aspects of the book.  Each
> chapter starts with a general discussion which will be enlightening
> for those who have a curiosity about the subject at hand.  This is
> followed by a simplified version of the engineering elements for those
> who need to make calculations and are seriously involved in a project.
> The end of each chapter contains the relevant questions and answers
> without any technical talk.  Interspersed in all this are "Rules"
> which are usually in-your-face statements to sum things up.
> The chapter on intercoolers, for instance, starts with a general
> discussion of what they do and how they function, followed by very
> detailed information on how they are designed and built.  This
> section is 23 pages of text and illustrations, including technical
> information on heat transfer area, internal flow area, internal
> volume, calculating power losses and flow losses, calculating
> efficiency, choosing types (air/air or air/water) and
> design/construction considerations for each.  He even goes into tube
> sizes, bends, connecting hoses, water injection, and of course,
> placement.  The chapter summary (in question and answer format) gets
> back to the non-technical basics with about 3 pages of: What is an
> intercooler, and why is it of merit?  What configurations do
> intercoolers come in?  What is water injection, and when it needed?
> Interspersed in the chapter are the "Rules," including:
> "RULE: It is absolutely incorrect to think that 'any intercooler is
> better than no intercooler'"
> "RULE: The single most important aspect of intercooler design is low
> internal pressure loss."
> "RULE: When viewing intercooler designs, regard thick core layouts as
> less than well thought out"
> "RULE: A water injector on a turbo car is a poor-excuse band-aid for
> not doing the job correctly the first time"
> Needless to say, there are chapters on everything from Intake
> manifolds to exhaust systems, including a chapter on trouble shooting,
> and another with a look at the cutting edge of turbo design--Corky's
> take on the most likely future developments.  Variable Area Turbine
> Nozzles (VATN) turbos may be the hot ticket before long.  Air bearings
> for the turbo are unlikely, but ball bearings may come into play.
> In an effort to put all this information into a practical setting,
> Corky takes you--step by step--through the design, installation and
> testing of a turbo system on an Acura NSX.  This is where the theory
> meets the manifold, so to speak, and provides a template for those who
> want to start from scratch.  While racing applications are sometimes
> used as examples, this book is clearly aimed at those interested in
> streetable machinery.  As such, the NSX gains 122 bhp (to 390), drops
> a second from its average 0-60 time (to 4.7 sec),  and gets through
> the quarter mile one second faster (13.0) and 10 mph faster (111 mph).
> This is with pump gas, and all emissions equipment (including cats)
> in place.  The system operates at about 5 psi, with the stock engine
> internals and fuel injection, aided by a boost dependent fuel pressure
> regulator.
> The last chapter is on installing a turbo kit--which, though it is not
> mentioned by name, looks like an illustrated version of the
> instructions for the CarTech Aerocharger Miata kit.  If this is the
> case, Corky has come a long way in clarifying his instructions.  It
> made me want to buy a Miata just for the fun of installing another
> kit.  While I was tempted to gloss over this chapter, it served as a
> reminder of how much work goes into designing a good kit, leaving the
> shade tree mechanic with only some hopefully pleasant mechanical work
> to do in order to create a relatively unique vehicle.    
> "Maximum" boost hits its mark squarely.  There is valuable information
> here for anyone who looks at a turbo system and wants to know more.
> It has been observed that the search for answers will most likely
> result in more questions, and "Maximum Boost" will take you wherever
> you want to go in that process--even if you don't know what questions
> to ask.  The discussion goes from the vary basics  (don't reuse lock
> washers) to the intricacies of A/R Ratios.
> Finally, the book stays relevant to the real world of cars in the
> '90s--dealing with smog control, approval by state agencies, and even
> marketing concerns.  One of my favorite sections deals with the design
> objectives of Porsche and Nissan, comparing the 1988 911 Turbo and the
> 300ZX Turbo--two engines of similar size, weight and displacement.
> Corky notes that Porsche, with an air cooled engine (not very heat
> tolerant) went with a large turbo, accepting some "turbo lag" in favor
> of creating a powerful automobile.  Nissan, with a much more heat
> tolerant (water cooled) engine, went with a small turbo for quick
> off-idle response.  Nissan didn't even include an intercooler in the
> system.  Corky concludes that the companies had different buyers in
> mind, and that Nissan intentionally engineered a "0-30 mph performance
> car" to satisfy their intended market.  Corky continues:
> "Although the Porsche has been proclaimed by all its road testers the
> prime example of a high turbo-lag design, it had to be that way
> because of the low heat allowables.  A small turbo could not have been
> used on the 911 because of the thermal restrictions of the air-cooled
> engine, and certainly not when serious power is an objective.
> Porsche, therefore, should be credited with doing a fine job.  Nissan
> should be credited with selling a large number of cars to a large
> number of people.
> RULE:  Never send a child to do an adult's job."
> Those of us with rotary turbos (stock, modified, or aftermarket)
> sometimes make costly mistakes by taking an unbalanced approach to
> modifying our cars ("I'll open up the exhaust and intake this year,
> and then deal with increasing the available fuel next year").  Corky's
> book, besides being generally fun and informative, provides all the
> answers you need to avoid disaster.  But more than answers, it clearly
> outlines the questions you should be asking.
> "Maximum Boost"
> Designing, Testing and Installing Turbocharger Systems
> by Corky Bell
> Robert Bently, Publisher
> ISBN 0-8376-0160-6
> Available from the publisher:
> 800/423-4595
> e-mail: sales@rb.com
> $34.95